Cucumber is a vegetable in berry coming from herbaceous plant that receives its name. It belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. Under this name about 850 species of plants are included, mostly all herbaceous, climbing or creeping, which produce very large fruits protected by a firm peel. Fruits such as watermelon and melon belong to this family, along with common vegetables such as zucchini or pumpkin. The origin of cucumber comes from the tropical regions of Southern Asia. In India, this cultivation has been carrying out for more than 3,000 years. Nowadays, the cucumber is a vegetable widely cultivated in Europe and North America. It ranks fourth in the world production of vegetables, behind tomato, cabbage and onion.
The varieties of cucumbers can be classified according to different features such as size, shape and peel colour.